In nearly 20 years with the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Rear Adams. Nancy Knight, Director of the Agency’s World Health Protection Division, has led the development, coordination and implementation of public health policies and programs in countries including Nigeria, Kenya and the South. Africa. Prior to joining the CDC, Dr. Knight volunteered for the Peace Corps in Lesotho and trained as a family physician.
Dr. Knight helped start Nigeria in the 21st Field Epidemiology Training ProgramTrain “disease detectives” to identify diseases, and how to respond to them. When Ebola arrived in Lagos, he returned to Nigeria and worked with the government and “detectives” to combat the disease.
“We, the trained people, played a supportive role in the fight against Ebola because they were making this effort on the ground, seeing the daily cases and responding in that community,” he said.
Dr. Knight talked about coronavirus, what travelers can do to avoid it, and the CDC. Countries need to be prepared for the potential for the spread of infectious diseases and work with governments and other groups around the world to address these diseases when they occur.
What does your department do on the CDC?
My department and the work we are focused on working with countries to achieve the goals Global Health Protection Protect people from agendas and outbreaks.
How did you do it
We do this by collaborating with partners, especially with the governments in the countries where we are working. We work together to strengthen the core public health system and find ways to prevent and respond to outbreaks.
Through the decisions of Global Health Protection and other experts we work with countries on some important aspects of their public health system. The four aspects we have really focused on are: developing a robust disease surveillance system; Ensure that there are adequate laboratory networks; Epidemiology ensures that there are skilled people – we call them disease detectors; And ensures that there are strong emergency response structures.
We have such an interconnected world today and it’s amazing how fast people and things can move from country to country. In about 36 hours a person can go from a small village on any continent to any country in the world. Along with this, there is a risk of disease transmission within and across our borders.
It is. There can always be a fear of the disease, especially when it is a new disease we have never heard of or about which we do not know, but it helps them to be able to detect quickly. We want to be equipped to know what it is, turn it off, soak it, and prevent it from spreading as quickly as possible.
And one of the things that can be scary is the health implications and the life that can be harmed or the people who die, it also has a major economic concern. These diseases can affect people’s health, animal health, economies. They can affect relations, trade and tourism with neighboring countries.
Are there any examples of those economic consequences?
More than 3.5 people died in Ebola – a huge loss to human life, and the global economy has spent over $ 53 billion. Severe acute respiratory syndrome – SARS – costs countries 40 to 45 billion dollars.
We know how many people are involved with a disease when it comes out?
Thousands of it is a global problem. After the outbreak of SARS on the 25th, countries around the world recognized that not everyone was ready to address the national outbreak at the time it happened, so the World Health Organization and the countries within it implemented international health regulations. Most countries, however, were not ready to respond. They knew they had agreed, but they were missing the road map.
A global health agenda was established, with many countries seeking help in determining their gaps in purposeful ways.
People are concerned about coronavirus. How do decision makers move from one level of importance to the next when a virus is spreading?
CDC in case of health threat It has three levels: watch, alert and alert. Level One is Watch. This is when you exercise the usual precautions for this destination as described in the Travel Health Notice and / or Destination page. This includes staying up to date on all the recommended vaccines. Level II should be careful, while you should be on the alert for this destination. Level three warns, when we say that people should avoid unreasonable travel to this destination. The outbreak of the triplets at three levels is high risk and there is no precaution to guard against the increased risk.
Travelers should keep in mind that affected areas have limited access to adequate medical care, and older adults and people with underlying health conditions may be at increased risk of serious illness. Travelers with immune system should consult their healthcare providers for additional guidance before traveling.
Currently, there is no vaccine to protect against COVID-19 infection. There is no specific antiviral treatment suggested for 2019-nCoV infection. Supportive care should be taken to relieve the symptoms of infected persons. If you have been in and within 14 days of leaving, feel sick to have a fever, cough or shortness of breath, you should seek medical attention right now. Before you go to a doctor’s office or emergency room, call first and let them know about your recent trip and your. Tell me about the symptoms.
This interview was performed and concentrated for clarity.