Uh, China – when Coronavirus As Wuhan has grown in the city, residents in a growing downtown area on the rural edge of the city thought they were safe. Retired farmers, factory workers and young men, a raft of white-collar professionals, seemed to have been outbreak 22 miles from the market, Jueling New Town. The apartments are spread out of the former farmland, not far from the former Wuhan stream.
But as the virus spread, Jueling emerged as a stubborn hot spot for Wuhan’s infection, and how a serious lesson The state’s huge effort to contain the virus Some communities have left sharply weak. Of leadership Top Down Promotions Relying on grassroots consolidation, and the very novelty and isolation of gambling proved to be a weakness, depriving residents of food, medical care and labor during important weeks.
Residents crashed to stock up at the only large supermarket. Concerned about the fevers crowded the local, government-run clinic, and many were sent back to their high-rise homes, sometimes with the spread of the virus. The nearest large public hospital, scheduled to take patients away, was 10 miles away, making treatment more difficult especially without a car.
“I never thought it would hit our house,” said Zhang Jin, a 47-year resident of Joogling. His mother, Ian Yinzen, who was also with him, probably told doctors from a neighbor that he trusted the doctors. Mr Jang, his wife and father later became ill.
“We lost confidence,” said Mr Jang, a school resident. “No one in the neighborhood took responsibility.”
The coronavirus has created an elusive threat that has struggled to control medical authorities worldwide. There are Italy, Japan, South Korea, the United States and other rich societies Their response was staggering.
For China, the long-term responses may be higher depending on the size of the outbreak and the surprising contrast with its assurance. National leader, Shi Jinping, That the Communist Party provided a strong ield “Overall protection. “Officially, the virus Has been Almost infected In China, 5 people were killed and about 2,700 were killed, mostly in Hubei Province and the capital city of Wuhan.
While China’s efforts seem to have slowed the transition, the reconstruction of the pandemic in Gambling – based on more than a dozen interviews and hundreds of pages of official documents, reports and online accounts – shows how The content campaign is plagued by confusion and disagreement Turning unfortunate and poorly prepared communities into problem zones at the local level.
There were not enough masks, disinfectants or sanitation workers. Patients suspected of having the virus were confined to their homes and allowed to spread germs. As people finally moved to a place of isolation, the indigenous people initially discovered that the promised care was absent.
According to community records, on the first day of February, there were 11 cases in Jeweling New Town. A week later there were 79৯. As of February 1, the number of confirmed infections was 6, of which four died.
“There is no one in charge right now,” said the resident of Jowling. Filed an online complaint Submitted this month on a party website. “More people are suffering from this pneumonia because of the inaction of government agencies to prevent and control it.”
Zuo Jinjin learned that the virus had reached Jowling on January 5, when he and other community workers were accused of infecting a woman’s home. The 69-year-old woman was taken to a hospital while her husband waited for the apartment to separate.
A Communist Party official in charge of the region has given the party another order: Chandra Do not tell residents more about the case for fear of panic before the New Year; A general warning will suffice.
“In the coming of the new year, there was talk of what would happen if it was broadcast everywhere,” said Mr Xu, a 6-year-old employee of the government’s grassroots administration’s Jowling Community Office. “There was publicity asking residents to wear masks, but many people did not notice it.”
Mr Xu said that his wife, a nurse, told him about a mysterious virus injury in Wuhan in early December. City leaders, however, encouraged confidence that the virus was not highly contagious and that its outbreak was likely to go away. In Jowling, officials rarely worked to alert residents initially.
“Back then, there weren’t enough reports about it, and it didn’t catch the attention of all the Wuhan residents,” Mr Xu said. “We believe, I included, that it was a little flu and would be fine – as long as people were dying.”
Jan. 20, when officers jumped the alarm level 136 Explosion Explosions Exposed Over the past two days there. The news report states that many victims were associated with the market.
“At that time, we heard that it was a wild game, and we did not eat it,” said Geoling resident Lee Wangjiao, who is also the housing manager there. “I never expected it to get to the edge of Wuhan.”
Three days later, Miss Lee’s daughter was diagnosed with fever. On the same day, Wuhan prevented people from leaving in order to control the outbreak.
Looking back, residents of Gambling have instructed Lapes that they say silently spread the virus.
Mrs Lee said she believed her daughter was infected at the local branch of the Zhongbai supermarket chain, the only major food in the neighborhood, which was crowded before the holidays. Supermarket Was crowded After the government lockdown, the risks increased, The residents said.
There was also a recently opened subway station where thousands of commuters crowded every day.
Even as government warnings grew louder, older people in gambling roamed and socialized without a mask, because they didn’t understand the necessities or couldn’t buy them, some residents said.
“There was no protective mechanism,” said Lu Ying, a resident of Jowling, who later identified the coronavirus. “No one was wearing a mask, no one noticed.”
As the infection progressed, Mr. Shi united to lead the team “People’s War” Against the epidemic, jolting and many other cases, the frontline forces were the party’s neighboring offices.
These local companies in China are far more powerful than many Western countries’ voluntary neighbor agencies – and in crisis they are Accept more authority. Residential checkpoints were strengthened to monitor residents for symptoms of their illness, screen them for treatment and isolation, and to protect them from outsiders who might be infected with the virus.
Gambling seems to be ill-prepared. Often, the new suburban areas do not have the same labor force, experience and resources from the state as the old neighborhood, says Read Benjamin, A professor at the University of California, Santa Cruz, who studies Chinese local politics.
“They are dealing with a complex set of ongoing tasks with a goal such as maintaining quarantine,” he said. “Any isolation at any time can reduce the transmission of the epidemic.”
Many maintenance workers and guards at Juoling’s housing management agencies have quit their jobs because of worries about the virus, and have left their staff unprotected and lacking in sanitation, residents and security guards say. These low-paid workers usually receive very little protection or training for risky work
“The management of some properties left it very dangerous. It was only a few without any protection around the compound,” said Ian Yanbin, apartment guard at Juoling, who developed other symptoms of fever and coronavirus infection. “The temperature test became a chaotic; Thermometers didn’t work. “
Clusters of infections have been mushroomed throughout Ohan. Hanku Garden, an apartment complex about a mile away from the hut, recorded more than 50 infections in mid-February. Gangdu Gardens, a sprawling housing complex connected to the steel mill, recorded about 400 transitions at the same time, according to records shared online by residential and property managers.
“Any time you have a high number of people in a shared space, there is always the risk of infection, especially if you do not have good healthy habits,” says Melissa Nolan., An Assistant Professor in Epidemiology at the Arnold School of Public Health at the University of South Carolina.
‘They just had to go home’
As hospitals throughout the city were equipped with patients, the government said on January 26 that surrounding health centers would be the first defense against coronavirus.
Community health workers are generally not well paid and are less qualified than hospital physicians. Now they’ve gone on to work as a triage worker, screening people for fever and sending patients to major hospitals that may have coronavirus.
The Jouling Community Medical Center, opened in 2017, is clean, modern and has 99 beds – enough for normal times but very few Encourage hundreds of patients Every day.
“The beds were extremely tight and the community tried everything they could to find the spots,” said Mr Zuo, a staffing officer at the Judging neighborhood. “We did everything we could, but they just had to go home because there were no beds.”
Housing manager Mrs Lee’s daughter was taken to a larger hospital in the district in the aftermath of a fever, hoping for a better diagnosis and better treatment. Over a hundred people stood in line to see a doctor; Several patients fell to the floor, Ms. Lee said.
“There were not enough doctors and so many patients,” he added. “I felt this indescribable panic.”
Flooded public hospitals have sent many fever patients home, Asking them to lock in their apartment. However, residents said the practice spread the virus, stopping the entire family from grandparents to children and jumping from neighbor to neighbor.
Mrs Lee took her daughter home from the hospital and she also suffered lung damage, indicating a possible coronavirus infection. Officials ordered Ms Lee, her husband and son to stay in their apartment.
“Later, the community office called and told us to go to Quarantine at a hotel,” he said.
‘The organization was chaotic’
New orders came out all over: Patients who were ill or feared to be removed from their homes would be opened in hotels, dormitories and even a convention center on a temporary quarantine site.
Most residents of the city, like 41-year-old engineer Yuen Jiaxiang, felt relieved that they could wait in their own homes. However, most of the hotels needed to be initially stripped to provide public care for vulnerable, feverish patients.
Regarding the hotel that Mr Yuan spent five days in, “Uran did not just lock patients, no treatment was given. I was frustrated at one point and did not get this constant fever.”
কর্মকর্তারা প্রাথমিকভাবে দেখেছিলেন যে রোগীদের বাড়িতে পাঠানো, বা জনাকীর্ণ স্থানীয় জ্বর ক্লিনিকগুলিতে তাদের রাখা, সম্প্রদায়ের করোনভাইরাসটি দীর্ঘায়িত হওয়ার ঝুঁকি বাড়িয়ে তোলে। ফেব্রুয়ারির প্রথম দিকে, সরকার ছিল একটি পরিকল্পনা তৈরি সম্ভাব্য সংক্রামিত লোকদের তাদের বাড়ি থেকে নেওয়া, কিন্তু নীতি জায়গাগুলির অভাবে বিভ্রান্ত রোগীদের জন্য
পরে পরের সপ্তাহ থেকে একটি নতুন ধাক্কা, ক্রমবর্ধমান সংখ্যক হালকা কেসগুলি বিছানার সারি দিয়ে ক্রমযুক্ত কভার্নাস স্পোর্টস এবং কনভেনশন সেন্টারে প্রেরণ করা হয়েছিল। যে রোগীদের পরীক্ষা করা হয়নি তবে তাদের লক্ষণগুলি দেখানো হয়েছিল তাদের আস্তানা বা হোটেলগুলি অস্থায়ী ওয়ার্ডে পরিণত করা হয়েছিল।
স্থানান্তরগুলি এমন জরুরি ভিত্তিতে ঘটেছিল যে কখনও কখনও সুরক্ষা উপেক্ষা করা হয়। হাসপাতালের বিছানার জন্য বাড়িতে যে সমস্ত রোগী বহু দিন অপেক্ষা করেছিলেন তাদের রাত্রে সমাজকর্মীরা চারপাশে দাঁড় করিয়ে বাসে করে চলাচল করত।
“সংগঠনটি বিশৃঙ্খল ছিল,” ক সিনহুয়া থেকে রিপোর্ট, সরকারী বার্তা সংস্থা, একটি স্থানান্তর সম্পর্কে বলেছেন। “ফলাফলটি দীর্ঘকাল অপেক্ষা করে রাখার পরে রোগীরা তাদের আবেগের নিয়ন্ত্রণ হারাচ্ছিলেন।”
হোটেলগুলিতে প্রেরিত রোগীরা মাঝে মাঝে দেখতে পান যে তাদের পরিবার তাদের ওষুধ বা খাবার পাঠাতে পারে না। এবং সঙ্কটের সময় হোটেল কর্মীরা প্রায়শই দুষ্প্রাপ্য ও ভীত, তাদের ঘরগুলি পরিষ্কার রাখতে পারেনি। “বিছানা পরিষ্কারভাবে পর্যাপ্ত ছিল না, এবং বিচ্ছিন্ন স্থানগুলির নির্বীজন সময়োচিত ছিল না,” বলেছিলেন উহান সিটি ইন্সপেক্টরদের একটি প্রতিবেদন যারা জুয়োলিং ঘুরে দেখেছে।
ওহানকে আরও সহায়তায় নামার ফলে সংক্রমণের সংখ্যা হ্রাস পেয়ে পরিস্থিতি উন্নত হয়েছে। কোয়ারেন্টাইন সাইটগুলিতে সংক্রমণের ঝুঁকি নিয়ে উদ্বেগ সত্ত্বেও, অনেক রোগী বলেছিলেন যে তারা সেখানে নিরাপদ বোধ করেছেন।
“এটি এখানে হতাশার মতো নয়,” ইঞ্জিনিয়ার মিঃ ইউয়ান বলেছিলেন যে তাকে হোটেল থেকে একটি বৃহত পৃথক পৃথক স্থানে স্থানান্তরিত করা হয়েছিল – কমান্ডারপ্রাপ্ত প্রদর্শনী কেন্দ্র – তাকে করোন ভাইরাস সনাক্ত করার পরে। “কথা বলার মতো লোক রয়েছে, তাই আমি মনে করি সময় পার করা আরও সহজ হবে।”
মিঃ জাং, ড্রাইভার, এছাড়াও পৃথক সময়ের পরে সুস্থ হয়ে উঠছেন, তবে উন্নতিগুলি তার মায়ের জন্য খুব দেরিতে এসেছিল। তাকে কমিউনিটি স্বাস্থ্য কেন্দ্র থেকে একটি হাসপাতালে স্থানান্তরিত করা হয়েছিল, তবে 11 দিন পরে তাঁর মৃত্যু হয়।
মিঃ ঝাং ডাক্তারদের কাছে অনুরোধ করেছিলেন যে তিনি তাঁর মাকে চূড়ান্ত বিদায় জানানোর জন্য স্পোর্টস সেন্টারটি সংক্ষেপে ছেড়ে চলে যান। এর জন্য প্রতিরক্ষামূলক মামলা ও চিকিত্সা কর্মীরা খুব কমই ছিলেন বলে চিকিৎসকরা জানিয়েছেন।
“তার শরীরের কী হয়েছে আমি জানি না,” তিনি বলেছিলেন। “কেউ আমাকে বলেনি.”
অমি কিন উহান থেকে, এবং সিঙ্গাপুর থেকে সু-লি উই রিপোর্ট করেছেন e আম্বার ওয়াং এবং জো মউ গবেষণায় অবদান রেখেছিলেন।