WASHINGTON – President Trump likes to claim credit for the amount of American food stamps he has stopped since entering office. In July 2018, he said there were 3.5 million casualties from the rolls; By the next spring, there were 5 million. In his State of the Union address this month, that number has risen to 7 million.
Democrats say these figures have pushed Mr. Trump’s fight to stop people’s support by pushing to limit eligibility for supplemental nutrition support programs, Medicaid and other programs.
At present, the evidence supports Mr. Trump’s argument that an improved economy is more responsible for the decline of food stamp rolls than trying to restrict access to a single Trump. Going forward, however, Mr. Trump’s initiatives are ready to reject aid to millions of Americans who would previously qualify.
“Reducing poverty levels is the single biggest factor in the recent SNAP participation decline,” said Dottie Rosenbaum, a researcher at Washington’s liberal research firm The Budget and Policy Priority, “which shows that the program is working as designed.”
In an election year, when the power of the economy promises to be the president’s main dilemma for voters, how the list of public assistance shrinks can be of political significance. Mr. Trump and his administration are using his economic policies as an assurance for low-income Americans, while Democrats, on the other hand, are trying to portray him as cruel to the poor.
“Under the latest administration, more than a billion people were added to food stamp rolls,” the president said in his State of the Union address. “Under my administration, seven million American food stamps have been closed and 3 million people removed from welfare.”
Representative Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez, a New York Democrat, fell behind during a House Oversight Committee hearing: “Seven million people have not been given food stamps in this country. They were killed in a stampede of food in this country. “
Mr Trump’s food stamp claim is exaggerated. About five million American food stamps were drawn in October, beginning with Mr. Trump’s term, according to Mrs. Rosenbaum’s calculations, which adjust for temporary effects like natural disasters and the North Carolina reporting issue.
Nevertheless, the trend of poverty and government support programs in recent years – towards the end of President Barack Obama’s tenure – suggests that the decline in food-stamp enrollment could be attributed to the longest economic expansion in US history.
Americans’ participation in poverty measured by the Census Bureau has declined every year since 2012, an improvement that has historically been linked to declining participation in food stamps. Enrollment in the program began to decline by about 2 percent in 20 and 20, and Mr. Obama’s office dropped by more than 5 percent in the final year. In Mr. Trump’s first three years, the trend has accelerated, from a 4.5.5 percent decline in 20 years to almost a percent last year.
Millions of workers have become ineligible for food stamps as they now make a lot of money because of increased employment opportunities and wages. Wages are accelerated to rise The lowest paid workers in the economy are workers, And the share of the population working or looking for work is increasing.
Mr Trump has also taken steps to restrict eligibility for safety-net benefits, such as allowing states to add work requirements to Medicaid and threatening to deny citizenship to legal immigrants enrolled in public assistance.
The Department of Agriculture has proposed three rules that tighten eligibility and work requirements for food stamps. One of these proposals goes into effect in April, making it more difficult for states to waive certain work requirements. The department estimates that more than 700,000 people may lose their food assistance due to the rules.
The other two rules are still pending, but if all three went into effect in 2018, more than thirty million people could lose their food assistance, one Analysis Found by the Urban Institute.
In a launch of the president’s annual economic report, which was published Thursday, Mr. Trump wrote, “As a transformative force committed to work, I signed an executive order directing agencies to reduce their reliance on welfare programs by encouraging work.”
Mr. Trump also credits his administration for reducing the number of Americans from Medicaid, children’s health insurance programs and programs providing temporary assistance to needy families to welfare programs, which provide health coverage and cash assistance. Low income families.
Some of these reductions are linked to economic growth, like food stamps. Others are the result of policy changes.
States are asking low-income people to fill out paperwork to understand the burden or to track down documents that are not readily available. In some states, low-income people have to go to human services offices to evaluate personal services, which can prevent people without reliable transportation or unpredictable work times.
“Historically, cases have dropped when we look at the reduction in participation in the tested programs, but this is at least in part because eligible people are no longer participating in the program,” said Catherine Larin, director of government accountability, the office’s education, workforce and income protection team.
He said that eligible people were not participating because applying administrative changes made it so difficult or complicated that they were away, he said.
Under Obama, some fallout took effect. In the aftermath of the 26th recession and beyond, the Obama administration removed a deadline that prevented unemployed, nondisabled people from receiving stamps for more than three months over a three-year period. However, in 20, the three-month timeframe returned. The decision is having a real-world impact on the food stamp roster, said Zachary Parolin, a postdoctoral researcher at the Center for Poverty and Social Policy at Columbia University.
Other declines seem to be at least partially the result of Mr. Trump’s policies. His efforts Decline green card and citizenship paths for legal immigrants who are likely to use Medicaid, food stamps and housing vouchers appear to be driving immigrants to stop using safety-net programs.
Reducing Medicaid enrollment reflects the Trump administration’s broader effort to reduce the Affordable Care Act, said Indivar Dutta-Gupta, co-executive director of the Georgetown Law Center on Poverty and Inequality.
He pointed to approval of state-imposed work requirements for Medicaid in Arkansas A federal court forced more than 18,000 people to lose health coverage before intervening to stop the requirement.
Likewise, Mr. Parolin said, reducing the share of temporary assistance to needy families, commonly known as welfare, could be responsible for “barriers to access,” such as narrow state-level decisions on eligibility. The decline in participation was “not primarily due to changes in the lifestyle of low-income families,” he said.
White House officials have argued this. The Economic Advisory Council wrote in December that the decline in Medicaid enrollment was largely reflected in its analysis of “income growth, not eligibility restrictions.”