Sanitation departments collect residential garbage and recycling for New Yorkers, each covering a compact route. But getting rubbish out of business is a more chaotic and dangerous process, one that is trying to change New York City.
Every business, bodega or office tower, however, employs one of the dozens of private holding companies whose hundreds of trucks cross the city with multiple vehicles in the same city. Their routes create a serpentine itinerary, which some lawmakers and residents have said is increasing traffic and pushing overworked drivers to accelerate and cut corners to keep up with their jobs.
But now, a new law – the most obvious overhaul within 5 years of lifting commercial garbage – will intensify city control, with decades of policies that effectively left the company competing to offer clients the lowest prices with minimal control.
The six-year effort to change the ad hoc system came to an end late last year, when Mayor Bill de Blasio signed the law.
Commercial garbage makes up more than half of New York garbage. The city will be carved into 20 commercial waste zones, with only three companies operating each, essentially forcing trucks to operate more efficient routes.
Hollers must obtain licenses from the city to operate following rules for traffic deaths, greenhouse gas emissions and environmental and labor violations.
It will take at least three years for the system to step up. However, supporters of the reform party say that personal garbage is in the truck The most dangerous vehicle on the road. Since Mr de Blasio signed the bill three months ago, trucks have killed two pedestrians. One A 67-year-old woman ran over Crossing a Brooklyn road, his body is being pulled down and broken into two.
According to a City study, drivers typically pay for shifts and rush to finish routes ranging from 1 to 5 miles, with 73 fatal accidents in New York from 20 to 2018, according to a city survey. Between 20 and 20 2017, personal garbage trucks killed 43 people, According to city data.
In contrast, up to a city-owned garbage truck Killed a boy in December, The latest fatal accident involving a vehicle in the sanitation department was in 2014
Just before dawn on a recent morning in Brooklyn, Harrid garbage workers were seen shining red lights on the sidewalk and crossing the intersection.
For the New York Times who spent a randomly trailing truck with a union activist, each of the 20-tonnes of privately owned vehicles was found to violate at least one traffic or safety rule in two hours.
Workers, career garbage practitioners and Teamsters union president Sean T. “Here is the Wild West,” said Campbell.
The purpose of the Act is also to address climate change. Private trucks run a total of 28 million miles per year. By keeping these miles in half and the need for cleaner vehicles, carbon emissions of haulars can be reduced by more than half.
Proponents say the changes should ease traffic and odor from transfer stations, the way that stations take to sort out waste and reload it on the big vehicles that carry it from the city.
The rules would force hoolers to use health and safety compliance stations and create incentives for transporting waste through rails and barges, not through it Low income.
But some industry groups have criticized the change and said they would put local businesses at a burden with higher garbage collection costs and keep small hollers out of business. They claim that security breaches are the exception.
“This misleading law will destroy dozens of local organizations, many with 50 years or more of service and displace hundreds of workers – mostly people of color,” he said. Kendall ChristensenPresident New Yorkers for Responsible Waste ManagersT, a company that represents commercial holers.
In this Joint statement, The Chamber of Commerce of the five bureaus, said the plan “limits competition, limits consumer choice, and can only harm small businesses operating in New York City’s economy.”
Controlling garbage that has been tied to corruption and mafia for at least a century has been a challenge for New York City, said Robin Nagle of the Sanitation Department. In-house anthropologist.
“Because garbage is a problem out of sight, out of mind for most of us, it’s not so difficult to decide to do dirty things with it, not for any pun intended,” he said.
This system came from a change of system decades ago. In ’79, the city stopped collecting commercial garbage, forced businesses to pay for private collections, and supervised only carters serving the industrial area.
In the nineties, prosecutors called the mafia cartel in commercial carting. New companies have entered the market, many of them non-union; Teamster representation of garbage collectors and drivers has dropped from about 100 percent to less than half.
These changes also removed the unwritten rules of the mafia turf – certain companies may operate on certain fronts. Now that any client can rent any holster, it is common for multiple trucks to provide the same block and long for any truck route. What proponents of the new law said was to cut corners to offer clients a cheaper price.
“We replaced the old mafia with the corporate mafia,” said Mr. Campbell, president of Teamsters Local 813, which represents 1,200 commercial sanitation workers.
About six years ago, the Environment, Labor and Road Safety groups – all concerned about the pickup process – began forming an alliance.
Then, a particularly serious incident drew even more attention to the issue: In 2017, the mourner Diallo, 21, was found dead on the streets of the Bronx.
Workers, including Holler Sanitation Salvage, said it was likely a homeless man jumped into their truck and fell. In fact, Mr. Diallo, an immigrant, was working on a truck out of the ordinary art practice book.
“This is one of the toughest jobs in the world,” said Mr Campbell. “These companies are catching up to people who need jobs – immigrants, formerly incarcerated, young black men without a lot of opportunities – people who know them will not risk their jobs to complain.”
After revealing details about the death of Mr Diallo, The driver of the case, who was working until six months later, struck and killed Leo Clark, 72, walking with a cane in the Bronx. The driver eventually withdrew his commercial license.
John Recovery, a former collector of Salvation Salvage, says working conditions endanger his life and cause muscle cramps that have his hands bent in the form of C
“When my hands relax, I’m like a Lego guy.”
Mr Rojas said that like Mr Diallo, he kept the book at a maximum of $ 5 per night, carrying a 5-pound bag six days a week. Sometimes, he started at 6am. And arrived home at 1 o’clock the next day.
Sanitation salvage, whose license was later suspended Investigation by ProPublica In 2018, the operation ceased.
By then, neighboring groups were stepping up, especially in Williamsburg, southeast Queens, and the South Bronx, east of Brooklyn.
They are Surveillance trucks and dumps, And air quality measurements with cellphones. In East Williamsburg, Cleanup North Brooklyn Sue the owners of a transfer station in 2017, Even if charged Site to create nuisance with the smell and traffic.
Then, in 2018, the city reduced the amount of waste that can be dumped at stations in heavily burdened places – the precursor of a new law administered by the City Councilman. Antonio Reyno In Brooklyn.
Jane Chantronpiche, The man, who lives near a transfer station in East Williamsburg and helped coordinate staff there, said his neighbors kept their children away from the truck.
“The streets are covered with garbage juice,” he said.
The new rules should take into account the location and environmental records of hoolers’ transfer stations and replace them with half the truck cleaner within 20 years.
They are recycling and composting, as well as “micro-haulers” – a business owned by people of color who use commercially low or no-emissions vehicles to sort organic waste.
Mr Campbell, a union worker, says some workers are worried the law could put their employers, especially those with poor safety records, out of business.
Others, however, welcome it. Lamont Mays Holler, 52, was working in Chinatown, Manhattan, last night for action karting. He and a colleague walked away with a sort of dance, a few yards down the road, loaded the bags, backed up at the dumpsters and proceeded.
Mr Mayes said that for decades he had continued his relatively compact route, avoiding the kind of extensive travel that made his colleagues tired.
“Why should it hurt?” He says of the law. Referring to the routes “it will help, so they will not spread so much”.
“It’s a good job,” he added, adding that the work allowed him to support a family. “Young boys today, are having trouble finding jobs like theirs.”
Okay McCausland contributes to the report.